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Un univers bine ajustat pentru viata

Din ce in ce mai mult, articolele si cartile din domeniul cosmologiei au acordat credinta teoriei designului inteligent. Intr-adevar, in unele cercuri academice a devenit la moda sa discute paralelele dintre cosmologie si spiritualitate. Accentul se pune pe caracteristicile fundamentale ale universului si planetei noastre care il fac potrivit pentru viata, dar par foarte putin probabil sa se fi produs din intamplare intamplatoare. Intr-un numar din 2007 al  The Guardian, fizicianul Paul Davies a spus: „Oamenii de stiinta se trezesc incet la un adevar incomod – universul arata suspect ca o solutie. Problema se refera la insasi legile naturii. gay verbal porn opencoachtv4.bravesites.com Timp de 40 de ani, fizicienii si cosmologii culeg linistit exemple de „coincidente” si trasaturi speciale prea convenabile in legile de baza ale universului care par a fi necesare pentru ca viata si, prin urmare, fiintele constiente sa existe. Schimbati oricare dintre ele, iar consecintele ar fi letale. ” (Davies, pentru a fi corect, nu spune ca Dumnezeu a facut-o. Dar descrie frumos problema care necesita credinta intr-un Proiectant, universuri inmultite sau legi naturale necunoscute.) Nu toti intelectualii au salutat aceasta tendinta. kitana porn writeablog.net Profesorul Robert Jastrow a rezumat situatia astfel: „Pentru omul de stiinta care a trait prin credinta sa in puterea ratiunii, povestea se termina ca un vis rau. In ultimele trei sute de ani, oamenii de stiinta au escaladat muntele ignorantei si, pe masura ce trec deasupra stancii finale, sunt intampinati de o trupa de teologi care stau acolo de secole ”(Loomul fermecat: mintea in univers , 1981, p. 19.). Iata doar o mana de argumente-cheie pentru un univers bine ajustat prin design. lisa lisa porn blogfreely.net

1. Forma matematica remarcabila ia natura

Oamenii de stiinta clasici au remarcat ca lumea naturala poate fi descrisa elegant prin enunturi matematice. Astazi stim ca o simpla mana de ecuatii fizice sunt capabile sa descrie toate fenomenele incredibil de diverse pe care le vedem in natura. Albert Einstein a comentat limbajul matematic al lumii: „S-ar putea sa vi se para ciudat ca consider inteligibilitatea lumii in masura in care putem vorbi de o astfel de inteligibilitate ca un miracol sau un mister etern. Ei bine, a priori ar trebui sa ne asteptam la o lume haotica, care nu poate fi in niciun fel intelese prin gandire . cortana blue porn uberant.com .. Genul de ordine creat, de exemplu, de teoria gravitatiei lui Newton este cu totul alt tip. Chiar daca axiomele teoriei sunt puse de o fiinta umana, succesul unei astfel de intreprinderi presupune o ordine in lumea obiectiva de inalt grad, la care cineva nu are dreptul a priori sa se astepte. Aceasta este miracolul care devine tot mai persuasiv odata cu dezvoltarea tot mai mare a cunoasterii ”(Einstein, Albert,Scrisori catre Solovine , 1987, p. injustice 2 porn mrlessonone8.cavandoragh.org 132-133.). Walter Bradley se bazeaza pe acest argument: „[M] forma matematica este insuficienta pentru a garanta un univers care este un habitat adecvat. Forma matematica particulara este, de asemenea, critica. De exemplu, este esential ca forma matematica sa prevada sisteme stabile la nivel atomic si cosmic. emma frost porn thelessonlive7.raidersfanteamshop.com [Ecuatiile lui Hamilton, Schrodinger si Maxwell] … Este clar ca caracterul matematic specific al universului nostru este esential pentru a fi un habitat potrivit pentru viata; totusi, motivul pentru care natura are aceasta forma matematica precisa este problematica dintr-o metafizica naturalista ”(„ Universul proiectat „Doar asa”, in William Dembski si James Kushiner, eds.,  Signs of Intelligence,  2001, p. the pit porn stinuswbfr.doodlekit.com 168.).

2. Misterul constantelor cosmologice si al fortelor fundamentale

Mai multe constante universale sunt esentiale pentru descrierea noastra matematica a universului. Acestea includ constanta „h” a lui Planck, viteza luminii „c”, masa protonului / electronului / neutronului si constanta lui Boltzmann, k. monica evans girls do porn canvas.instructure.com Exista patru forte fundamentale: forta gravitationala, forta electromagnetica, forta nucleara puternica si forta nucleara slaba. Cand modelele cosmologice au fost dezvoltate la mijlocul secolului XX, s-a presupus naiv ca setul dat de constante nu a fost esential pentru formarea unui habitat potrivit pentru viata. Cu toate acestea, studiile parametrice ulterioare care au variat sistematic constantele au demonstrat ca schimbarile in oricare dintre aceste elemente fundamentale produc un univers dramatic diferit, care nu este potrivit pentru viata de orice tip imaginabil.

Nucleul atomului contine protoni si neutroni care, la randul lor, sunt realizati din quark. Un proton cuprinde doi quark in sus si un quark in jos. lsm porn articlescad.com Masele acestor particule subatomice trebuie sa aiba dreptate pentru a sustine viata. Scaderea masei quark-ului cu doar 8% si protonii din atomi vor capta eletronii in orbita in jurul lor, lasand un univers dominat de neutroni. (Lewis, Geraint F., Barnes, Luke A., Un norocos univers: Viata intr-un Cosmos fin-acordat , 2016, p. azshara porn newlessonhome4.trexgame.net 52-53.).

„[I] f forta puternica care leaga impreuna nucleul de atomi era cu doar cinci la suta mai slaba, doar hidrogenul ar fi stabil si am avea un univers cu o diagrama periodica a unui element, care este un univers incapabil sa furnizeze moleculele necesare complexitate pentru a oferi functii minime de viata de procesare a energiei, stocarea informatiilor si reproducere. Pe de alta parte, daca forta puternica ar fi cu doar 2% mai puternica, s-ar forma nuclei foarte masivi, care nu sunt potriviti pentru chimia sistemelor vii. In plus, nu ar exista hidrogen stabil, nici stele de lunga durata si nici compusi care contin hidrogen ”(Bradley, Walter,„ Universul „Doar asa”, in William Dembski si James Kushiner, eds. tentacle rape porn www.evernote.comSigns of Intelligence,  2001, p.



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168.).

Skeptics, dating back to Hume, have retorted that it is not surprising that everything is “just so,” otherwise we would not be here to observe it. (This has been called the anthropic principle. chuukese porn pbase.com ) Even the atheist Mackie saw the flaw in Hume’s reasoning: “There is only one actual universe, with a unique set of basic materials and physical constants, and it is therefore surprising that the elements of this unique set-up are just right for life when they might easily have been wrong. This is not made less surprising by the fact that if it had not been so, no one would have been here to be surprised. We can properly envision and consider alternative possibilities which do not include our being there to experience them” (Mackie, J.L., Miracle of Theism, 1982, p. 1440p porn worldcoachsite5.tumblr.com 141.)

3. The Remarkable Requirements for Initial Conditions 

The cosmos is hurtling outward at a remarkably balanced velocity. In his fascinating work Beside Still Waters: Searching for Meaning in an Age of Doubt, Gregg Easterbrook discusses the concept. If the expansion were slightly less, the universe would have collapsed back onto itself soon after its birth. lolbit porn 606da0856e49b.site123.me If it were slightly more rapid, the universe would have dispersed into a thin soup with no aggregated matter. The ratio of matter and energy to the volume of space at the birth of the universe must have been within about one quadrillionth of one percent ideal! After reflecting upon this unlikely scenario, Dr. Bradley notes that it “has been the impetus for creative alternatives, most recently the new inflationary model of the big bang. However, inflation itself seems to require fine-tuning for it to occur at all and for it to yield irregularities neither too small nor too large for galaxies to form…. Recently in Scientific American, the required accuracy was stated to be 1 part in 10123 Furthermore, the ratio of the gravitational energy to the kinetic energy must equal to 1. girls do porn 374 lovelessonlist6.tearosediner.net 00000 with a variation of  1 part in 100,000. This is an active area of research and the values may change over time. However, it appears that the essential requirements of very highly specified boundary conditions will be present in whatever model is finally confirmed for the big bang origin of the universe” (Bradley, Walter, “Is There Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God? How the Recent Discoveries Support a Designed Universe,” 2013, p. 15.). my porn snap.com penzu.com

The book Rare Earth, released early in 2000 by Donald Brownlee (an astronomer from the University of Washington) and Peter Ward (a paleontologist specializing in mass extinctions) presents the view that the conditions required for the inception and survival of complex life are so complicated and unlikely that we are probably alone in the universe. In an interview with Science Times Ward stated, “We have finally said out loud what so many have thought for so long – that complex life, at least, is rare. And, to us, complex life may be a flatworm.” The book details a host of arguments: specialized atmosphere, right distance from the star to permit liquid water, plate tectonics to permit build-up of land, stable orbits in the solar system. It discusses many of the unique aspects of the our star, the importance of a large planet like Jupiter to clear out killer comets and asteroids, the preponderance of metal-poor galaxies, the necessity of proper amounts of carbon, and the critical placement of the earth within the galaxy. free young incest porn bestinfoguide7.wpsuo.com These newer findings show that the Drake Equation (used triumphantly by the atheistic cosmologist Carl Sagan to estimate that there are a million alien worlds) is riddled with hidden, unreasonable, optimistic assumptions.

4. A Privileged Place in the Universe 

This growing list of fine-tuning requirements is only part of the story. By itself, the skeptic might say we’re just the incredibly lucky recipients of a big cosmic lottery. But astronomer Guillermo Gonzalez and Jay Richards argue in The Privileged Planet (Regnery Publishing, 2004. iden versio porn diigo.com ) that those conditions for habitability also provide the best overall conditions for doing science. In other words, the places where complex observers like us can exist are the very same places that provide the best overall conditions for observing… For instance, the most life-friendly region of the galaxy is also the best place to be an astronomer and cosmologist. A solar system like ours is much more helpful for doing science than many of the uninhabitable extrasolar systems we’re now discovering. And the atmosphere that complex, chemically-based living observers need also allows those observers (us) to study the distant universe. You might expect these kinds of “coincidences” if the universe were designed for discovery, but not if you were a card-carrying materialist limited to the resources of mere chance and physical necessity. taboo daughter porn golifeguide5.theburnward.com

Over the years, science has provided naturalistic explanations for phenomena that were once mysterious or ascribed to the supernatural. Some scientists came to believe that everything from the appearance of life to the origin of matter itself would be explained by natural processes as more evidence came to light. Today that pendulum is swinging back the other way. From the logical mathematical language in nature, to the unique aspects of our universe and our planet; new discoveries augment the mounting evidence for special design. “[T]he cosmos appears increasingly to be a vast system finely tuned to generate life and organisms of biology very similar, perhaps identical, to ourselves. kitten sophie porn biglessonpoint7.yousher.com All the evidence available in the biological sciences supports the core propositions of traditional natural theology–that the cosmos is a specially designed whole with life and mankind as its fundamental goal and purpose, a whole in which all facets of reality, from the size of the galaxies to the thermal capacity of water, have their meaning and explanation in this central fact” (Denton, Michael, Nature’s Destiny, 1998, p. 389.).

Atheists respond to the fine-tuning arguments put forward by design theorists with the hypothesis of multiple universes (multiverse). By supposing that universes are regularly being produced (forever beyond our observation) with trillions of variations of laws and constants, it becomes slightly more plausible that a universe such as ours would happen along. “The anthropic principle kicks in to explain that we have to be in one of those universes (presumably a minority) whose by-laws happen to be propitious to our eventual evolution and hence contemplation of the problem.” (Dawkins, Richard, The God Delusion, 2006, p. 174.) The problem with multiverse is that there is no shred of empirical evidence…it is just blind faith completely outside of the arena of observable science. And it only pushes back the problem one step. For then we must ask who built the “Universe Generator”? It must be a fine-tuned apparatus that continuously produces universes cleanly & completely, varies the constants continually, and needs to maintain this process for trillions of tries!