Categorii
Sape

Mesaje Clonmel in disputa

Mesaje Clonmel in disputa

Niall CEJ O’Brien

In jurul anului 1373, Elia, vaduva lui William Stokes, a revendicat o a treia parte din opt mesaje si o suprafata de pamant si o pajiste din afara vestului intregului Clonmel impotriva lui John Foliot si a sotiei sale Emmelina. Elia Stokes a afirmat ca proprietatile in cauza i-au provenit din proprietatea gratuita a lui William Stokes, fostul ei sot. In urma unei astfel de pretentii, Elia Stokes i-a dus pe Ioan si Emmelina Foliot in instanta de judecata in curtea de libertate a contelui de Ormond. [1]

Documentul de o singura pagina referitor la dosarul instantei nu are o data inscrisa. In schimb, data este sugerata de circumstante. Cauza judecatoreasca face parte dintr-o serie de manuscrise cusute impreuna. n word porn zenwriting.net Dovezile de datare din aceste alte manuscrise plaseaza intervalul de date al colectiei ca fiind intre 47 de ani al lui Edward al III-lea si cel de-al 18-lea an al lui Henric al VI-lea. [2] 

Oferta pre tribunal

Inainte de inceperea cauzei judecatoresti, John Foliot s-a oferit sa-i dea Elia Stokes un singur mesagiu si un acre de pamant aflat in afara zidului de vest al Clonmelului, asa cum seriful ii poruncise anterior. Acest lucru ar sugera ca a existat o cauza judiciara anterioara sau o actiune in justitie, a carei inregistrare nu a supravietuit. Oferta a fost respinsa de Elia Stokes. [3] Un mesuage a fost cuvantul medieval obisnuit pentru a insemna o casa si o gradina.

Vestul Clonmelului medieval 

unii unde pe aceasta parte se afla un acre de pamant

Doua mesaje ale lui John Palmer

Dupa inceperea cauzei judecatoresti, John Foliot a dat dovezi despre cum a vazut proprietatea si detinerea diverselor proprietati. nicole paris porn ecolovebox9.edublogs.org Marea majoritate a probelor a fost dupa cuvantul sau. Daca altii au dat dovezi, marturia lor nu era inregistrata. John Foliot a spus ca doua mesaje revendicate de Elia Stokes nu erau in posesia lui William Stokes in onorariu in ziua in care s-a casatorit cu Elia. Nici William Stokes nu a dobandit mai tarziu posesia aceluiasi. John Foliot a cerut ca un juriu sa faca cercetari in cele doua mesaje.

Un juriu a fost convocat la finalul probelor date de John Foliot pentru a examina cazul. luna bella porn easycoachtech4.fotosdefrases.com Verdictul juriului apare la sfarsitul manuscrisului dupa ce au fost inregistrate toate probele date de John Foliot cu privire la diferitele proprietati. Descrierea diferitelor mesaje difera intre cea data de John Foliot si cea returnata de juri. Impresia data este ca au existat noua mesaje in dispute, mai degraba decat cele opt revendicate de Elia Stokes. Pentru a evita evitarea greselilor din partea mea, am dat verdictul juriului cu privire la fiecare proprietate particulara revendicat de Elia Stokes.

Juriul a constatat ca William Stokes nu a fost confiscat de aceste doua mesaje care in trecut au apartinut lui John Palmer pe vremea cand William s-a casatorit cu Elia Stokes. Nu este inregistrat modul in care William Stokes a venit la cele doua mesaje de la John Palmer, dar cum nu avea nicio pretentie de proprietate, este posibil ca William Stokes sa inchirieze mesaje de la mostenitorii lui John Palmer. young women porn bestlifesite2.lucialpiazzale.com

Trei mesaje in trecut ale Sybilla Northwich

Alte trei mesaje au fost, potrivit lui John Foliot, detinute anterior de William Stokes prin mostenirea primei sotii a lui William, Sybilla Northwich. Dupa moartea lui Sybilla Northwich, William Stokes a tinut cele trei mesaje pentru viata sa, asa cum le permite legea Angliei. [4]

Cand regele Ioan a venit in Irlanda in 1210, a ordonat ca legile engleze sa fie in vigoare in Irlanda. Una dintre aceste legi a fost ca, daca un barbat se casatoreste cu o femeie cu mostenire si are o problema, barbatul respectiv; daca el supravietuieste sotiei sale ar trebui sa aiba custodia mostenirii pe viata sa, chiar daca problema are varsta completa. In 1226, s-a dispus din nou ca legea engleza sa fie in vigoare in Irlanda [5]. Aceasta ordonanta a fost reinnoita de parlamentele si consiliile irlandeze succesive, cum ar fi in 1351 si 1366. real people porn topinfohub1.edublogs.org [6]

Astfel, prin dreptul englez, Elia Stokes a tinut doar cele trei mesaje atata timp cat William Stokes, sotul ei, a fost in viata. Dupa moartea lui William, cele trei mesaje s-au intors la mostenitorii Sybilla Northwich. John Foliot a contestat ca, in cazul in care Elia Stokes a refuzat aceste dovezi, cazul celor trei mesaje ar trebui sa se adreseze unui juriu.

Acelasi juriu de mai sus a constatat ca William Stokes nu avea nicio proprietate in proprietatea care anterior a apartinut Sybilla Northwich. In verdictul lor, juriul a descris cele trei mesaje ale Sybillai ca un mesaj si doua magazine. Utilizarea termenului unui mesaj de catre John Foliot in loc sa descrie proprietatea Sybilla ca fiind detinand doua magazine ar parea a fi un efort al lui John Foliot de a reduce valoarea proprietatilor in litigiu si de a reduce eventualele daune compensatorii. dog pussy porn youinfolive5.huicopper.com

Descrierea diferita dintre John Foliot si juriul cu privire la proprietatea Sybilla si celelalte mesaje in litigiu face dificila determinarea daca numarul total de mesaje in litigiu a fost de sapte, opt sau noua.  

Un mesaj de Bristow si Astell

In ceea ce priveste un alt mesaj, care a fost tinut anterior de John Bristow si John Astell, John Foliot a sustinut ca Eva, sotia regretatului John Bristow, a fost inzestrata cu partea ei din mesuage si ca William Stokes a avut-o doar de la Eva Bristow prin inchiriere. Intrucat Eva Bristow era inca in viata, John Foliot a afirmat ca detine proprietatea.

Ponderea aceluiasi mesaj detinut de John Astell, a trecut mostenitorilor lui John Astell la moartea sa. Sotia sa, Fides le Botiller, a fost inzestrata doar cu o a treia parte din cota detinuta de John Astell in vaduvitatea ei. Ulterior, Fides le Botiller a inchiriat a treia actiune lui William Stokes. reluctant lesbian porn greenlessonzone4.de.tl In momentul judecarii cauzei, Fides le Botiller era inca in viata si astfel detinea dreptul de proprietate asupra celei de a treia parti. In ceea ce priveste celelalte doua parti ale mesajului detinute anterior de John Astell, John Foliot a sustinut ca William Stokes nu a avut stapanire in ziua in care s-a casatorit cu Elia Stokes si, astfel, Elia nu a avut pretentii cu privire la cota Astell din mesuage. [7 ]

Istoricul lui John Astell este dificil de determinat. O persoana numita John Astell a fost martora unei fapte a comunei Waterford in aproximativ 1322, in timp ce in august 1337 o alta John Astell a fost martora unei fapte de teren la Kilmainham, judetul Dublin. [8] Nu se poate spune cu siguranta daca vreunul dintre acesti oameni a fost John Astell care a tinut jumatatea de mesaj in Clonmel.

Juriul a constatat ca William Stokes detinea cele doua parti ale acestui mesaj in demesne si a fost astfel confiscat atunci cand s-a casatorit cu Elia Stokes si, prin urmare, ar trebui sa faca parte din pamanturile dote ale Eliei. fox furry porn digitalloveinfo1.theglensecret.com [9]

Doua mesaje langa mansa lui William si pamantul din afara Clonmelului

In ceea ce priveste celelalte doua mesaje si terenurile agricole din afara zidului de vest din Clonmel, John Foliot a sustinut ca Elia Stokes a fost inzestrata cu alte proprietati in ajutor dupa moartea lui William Stokes si, prin urmare, nu avea nicio pretentie valabila.

In verdictul juriului, aceste doua mesaje si terenul din afara Clonmel au fost descrise diferit. Juriul a descris terenul din afara zidului vestic al Clonmelului ca un mesagiu si, in acelasi timp, a spus ca exista doua mesaje in apropierea gospodariei lui William Stokes din oras. [10] In cazul in care descrierea juriului a fost corecta, au existat noua mesaje in litigii care permit trei mesaje anterior detinute de Sybilla Northwich. Oricare ar fi descrierea corecta, juriul a spus ca mesaje si pamant au fost detinute de William la momentul in care s-a casatorit cu Elia Stokes si, astfel, o parte a proprietatii ei de la dow.

Verdictul judecatorului

Based on these findings, the court found John and Emmelina Foliot guilty of unlawful detention and awarded damages of 10s to Elia Stokes. sabrina nicole porn artinfotech5.raidersfanteamshop.com She was also given right to recover seisin of a third part of the messuages and shops along with two parts of the messuage associated with Bristow and Astell. As the wives of both men were still alive they would hold the one third part of the messuage as their dower property.[11]

The judge’s decision seems to conflict with the findings of the jury. It was only when referring to the property of Sybilla Northwich that the term of shops was used to describe some of the messuages in dispute. Yet the jury found that William Stokes had no claim to the property of Sybilla Northwich including the two shops. It is difficult, without collaborating evidence, to determine if indeed there was any conflict between the findings of the jury and verdict of the judge. undertail porn worldlessonmagazine9.sitey.me [12]

William Stoke without clear record

In this case the judge and jury found John Foliot to be in unlawful detention of some of the eight messuages and one acre of land outside Clonmel in dispute but the late husband of Elia Stokes was himself not clear of wrong doing. In 1359 a jury in Clonmel found William Stokes to be in unlawful detention of one messuage with its appurtenances against John son of John Lawless. But it subsequently emerged that John son of John Lawless was also in unlawful detention of the said property and the true owner was David de le Hay.[13]

About the same time as 1359 there was in Clonmel a chaplain called William Stokes.[14] Attempts over many centuries to enforce cleric celibacy were largely ineffective.[15] Thus it could be possible that William Stokes the chaplain was the William Stokes of Clonmel who was twice married and who’s second wife, Ela Stokes tried to claim her dower lands in about 1373. fortnite cuddle team leader porn prolessonworks6.lucialpiazzale.com



  • drunk russian porn
  • tumblr amateur porn video
  • raven porn gif
  • jailyne ojeda porn
  • momma porn
  • young mom porn
  • demon slayer nezuko porn
  • jemma suicide porn
  • stick figure porn
  • aida cortes porn
  • gay twitter porn
  • mom tricked porn
  • micropenis porn
  • twyla porn
  • natalie flowers porn
  • japanese fart porn
  • mind control porn captions
  • mature bbc porn
  • black hardcore porn
  • kayleigh swenson porn




Later references

It is presumed that Elia Stokes successful got her dower property but we have no evidence to say yes or no. after this court case Elia Stokes disappears from the surviving records which is not unusual as the surviving records are selective on who gets into the records.

There is a later record for John Foliot as in August 1411 John Foliot of Clonmel was back in the liberty court of the Earl of Ormond on a plea of debt. The result of this case has not survived and no further references have survived relating to John Foliot.[16]

The case relating to Elia Stokes shows why some people are remembered in the documents that survive and why the vast majority of the people are not remembered. Court cases often survive as the judgements are of concern to later people in the medieval times and those relating to property were especially kept as a record of title. black mom and son porn zenwriting.net The case above was heard in the Earl of Ormond’s liberty court and so survives within the Ormond papers but its survival could also be because the Earl of Ormond may have later acquired some of the messuages concerned.  

==========

End of post

==========







[1] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds (6 vols. Stationery Office, Dublin, 1935), Vol. III, p. 384

[2] Edmund Curtis (ed. video post porn supercoachone5.bravesites.com ), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, p. 383

[3] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, p. 384

[4] Edmund Curtis (ed. emily pink porn ecolifedirect3.iamarrows.com ), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, p. 384

[5] H.S. Sweetman (ed.), Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland (5 vols. rosario vampire porn www.evernote.com Kraus reprint, 1974), Vol. 1 (1171-1251), nos. 1458, 1679

[6] K.W. Nicholls, Gaelic and Gaelicized Ireland in the Middle Ages (Lilliput Press, Dublin, 2003), pp. 53, 54

[7] Edmund Curtis (ed. nagatoro porn youcoachone7.theburnward.com ), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, p. 384

[8] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds (6 vols. Stationery Office, Dublin, 1932), Vol. 1, no. catching gold diggers porn postheaven.net 699; Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds (6 vols. Stationery Office, Dublin, 1934), Vol. II, p. 61

[9] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. noelle easton porn gifs penzu.com III, p. 385

[10] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, pp. 384, 385

[11] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. vitiligo porn prolovenetwork1.sitey.me III, p. 385

[12] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. III, p. 385

[13] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. fantasy rape porn biglifetalk9.bcz.com II, pp. 44, 45

[14] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. II, pp. 35, 45

[15] K.W. Nicholls, Gaelic and Gaelicized Ireland in the Middle Ages, p. 106

[16] Edmund Curtis (ed.), Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. II, p. 292